V

THE S^-^^^

JOURNAL

OF THE

Bombay Natural History Society

INDEX AND TITLE PAGE

VOL. XXXI

MADRAS Printed at the Diocesan Press

1927

For convenience in binding it has been found advisable to issue the Index in two parts. The present issue includes the Index to Parts 1 and 2, Vol. XXXI, pp. 1-532.

INSTRUCTIONS TO BINDER.

The contents of these two parts should be arranged in the following order when they are being bound :

Title page ... ... ... Frontispiece.

Contents of Parts 1 and 2, Vol. XXXI. 1 List of Contributors

List of Plates ... ... ^

Index to Illustrations Errata

Index of species

Explanation of Plate I (Geometridse).

Additions and Alterations to Birds of Sikkim Himalayas

To follow the frontis- piece in this order.

To go at the end of the two numbers.

To face Plate I at page 129 of Vol. XXXI.

To go at the end of the article on page 893 of Vol. XXX, No. 4.

THE

JOURNAL

OF THE

Bombay Natural History Society

EDITED BY

SIR REGINALD A. SPENCE, KT.. F.Z.S., and S. H. PRATER, C.M.Z S.

VOL. XXXI

Parts 1 & 2

Containing 2 Coloured Plates, 52 Black and White Plates, 39 Text-figures and 6 Diagrams.

Dates of Piiblicatioit.

Part I. (Pages 1 to 232) 15th May, 1926.

II. ( 233 to 532) ... 15th August, 1926.

LONDON AGENTS

DULAU & Co., Ltd., 34—36, Margaret Street, Cavendish Square, W.

PRINTED AT THE DIOCESAN PRESS, MADRAS.

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XX XL No. 1.

Page

The Mammals and Birds of Kashmir and thp: adjacent Hill Provinces. Part VI. {With a plate.) By Col.

A. E.Ward. 1

Facts and Hypotheses in the Problem of Evolution.

By E. Blatter, S.J., ph.d., f.l.s 12

Scientific Results of the Mammal Survey, No. xlv.

By Oldfield Thomas, f.r.s.. 22

Three Months up the Valley of the Sutlej River.

{With four plates.) By Lt.-Col. R. W. Burton, i.A.

(Retd.) 23

Bombay Natural History Society's Mammal Survey of

India, Burma and Ceylon. Report No. 38. By Mrs.

Helen M. Lindsay 40

The Identification of Indian Butterflies. Part IX.

{With a plate.) By Col. W. H. Evans, d.s.o., f.z.s.. 49

The Reticulate Python. By Col. F. Wall, c.m.g., k.h.s. 84 Additional Notes on the Avifauna of Iraq. (With three

plates.) By C. B. Ticehurst, m.a., m.b.o.u., f.r.g.s 91

Mahseer Fishing in the Deccan Lakes. {With two

plates.) By Major W. B. Trevenen 120

On a Collection of GEOMETRIDAL from Upper Burma

made b^' Capt. a. E. Swann. {With a plate.) By L. B.

Prout, F.E.s 129

An Oriental SPHEX or Hunting Wasp. Part II. By

Major R. W. G. Hingston,"i.M.s 147

Indian Dragonflies. Part XXIII. {With a plate and three

text figures.) By Major F. C. Fraser, i.m.S., f.e.s. 158

Hunting Straight-horned Markhor, {With three plates.)

By Major C. H. Stockley, d.s.o., o.b.e., m.c...., 172

Notes on the seasonal occurrence of Rangoon Earth- worms. By G. E. Gaces 180

Birds Nesting in the Dras and Suru Valleys. By

B. B. Osmaston, c.i.e., i.f.s. (Retd.) 186

Report of the work of the; Bombay Natural History

Society and of the Progress of the Natural History Section, Prince of Wales' Museum 197

IV

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXl

Page

Editorial 207

Reviews— The Vegetation of Burma from a Ecological

Standpoint. By L. Dudley Stamp 210

Indian Nature Studies for Children. By

C. H. Donald, F.Z.S., m.b.o.u. 211

A Handbook of the Birds of Eastern China. B. J. D. La Touche, c.m.z.s., c.f.a.o.u.,

M.B.O.U. Part 1 211

The Families of Flowering Plants. By

J. Hutchinson, f.l.s. 212

Miscellaneous Notes :

I. Wild Animals in Central India. By Lt.-Col. R. W.

Burton, Indian Army. (Retd.).. 215

II. About Tigers and Leopards. By Brig.-Genl. R. G.

Burton 216

III. Cannibalism amongst Panthers. By Capt. H. J.

Rice, i.M.s 219

IV. Jungle Tragedies. By Lt.-Col. R. W. Burton 220

V. On the Colour of the Eye of the Gaur or Indian

Bison. By A. A. Dunbar Brander c 220

VI. Malformed Heads of Markhor and Ibex (With a

photo.) By Lt.-Col. R. W. Burton 222

VII. Weights and Measurements of the Nilghiri Langur

[Pithecus joh?iii). By C. Leigh, s.J 223

VIII. The Nesting of the Open-Bill Stork {Afiastomus oscitans) in Purulia, Manbhum District. By Satya

Churn Law I 223

IX. Occurrence of the Sheldrake (Tadorna tador7ia) in

Bihar. By John A. Bucknell, f.z.s., m.b.o.u. 224

X. Birds Nesting with a Camera. A Correction. By

B. B. Osmaston, i.F.s 224

XI. Notes on Birds uncommon in, or unrecorded

from the Simla Hills. By S. Basil-Edwardes, m.b.o.u... 224

XII. Record of a death from the bite of a Hamadryad

or King Cobra' {Naia hamia). By Ralph C. Morris {a correction) 226

XIII. Notes on Snakes. By C. Leigh, s.J. 227

XIV. A Bull Frog. {Ra?ia tigrina) swallowing a Rat.

By B. N. Zutshi 228

XV. Fishing in the Persian Gulf. By Lt. -Commander

G. E. Boultbee, r.n 228

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXI

V

Page

XVI. On the Occurrence of the Giant Water-Bug. {Belos- tonia indicuni) in Simla. By S. Basil-Edwardes,

M.B.o.u 229

Proceedings 230

No. 2.

The Game Birds of the Indian Empire. Part I. (Genus Rallus) {with a coloured plate.) By E. C. Stuart Baker,

J.P., F.Z.S., F.L.S., M.B.o.u., C.F.A.O.U... 233

Scientific Results from the Mammal Survey, No.

XLVI. By Helen M. Lindsay, m.a., b.sc 239

The Mason Wasp {Eumenes co7iica). Part I. [With a plate

and text Hgures.) By Major R. W. G. Kingston, i.m.s... 241 Notes on some new and interesting Butterflies from

India and Burma. Part I. {With 07ie coloured and o?ie

black and white plate.) By Major-General H. C. Tytler,

C.B., C.M.G., C.I.E., D.S.O., F.E.S 248

A Contribution to the Ornithology of Delhi. Part I. {With two plates.) By the late Mr. S. Basil-Edwardes, M.B.o.u., r.a.o.u , 261

Takin Shooting in the Spring. {With a plate.) By Capt.

E. Maxwell West 274

Birds Nesting with a Camera in India. Part VI. {With

fourteen plates.) By Capt. R. S. P. Bates 277

Notes on a Collection of Moths of the Family

GEOMETRID^ made by Capt. A. E. Swann. Part 11.

{With a plate.) By Louis B. Prout, f.e.s 308

The Common Butterflies of the Plains of India.

Part XXXVI. By T. R. Bell, c.le., lf.s. (Retd.) 323

Three Months up the Valley of the Sutlej River.

Part 11. {With two plates.) By Lt.-Col. R. W. Burton,

LA. (Retd.) 352

On the Down Plumages of some Indian Birds. ( With a

plate). By C. B. Ticehurst, m.a., m.r.c.s., m.b.o.u..

F. R.G.s. (Late Capt. r.a.m.c.) 368

Bombay Natural History Society's Mammal Survey of

India, Burma and Ceylon. Report Nos. 40, 41 and 42.

By Mrs. Helen M. Lindsay, m.a., b.sc 379

Indian Dragonflies. Part XXIV. {With two plates and

Hve text-Hgures.) By Major F. C. Eraser, i.m.s.. 408

The Identification of Indian Butterflies. Part X.

{With a plate,) By Col. W. H. Evans, d.s.o., f.z.s..

vi

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXI

Page

On Some Interesting Features of the Fauna of the

Western Ghats. By S. L. Hora, d.sc........ 447

Recent Addition to Indo-Ceylonese Coccid Fauna, with notes on known and new forms. by t. v.

Ramakrishna Aiyar..... 450

A Note on^the Birds of Kulu. By H. Whistler, f.l.s,,

F.z.s 458

Lady (Elizabeth) Gwillim. By C. A. Wood, m.d., m.b.o.u. 486 Some Notes on the Second Edition of the Fauna of British India Birds. Vols. I and II. By C. B.

Ticehurst, m.a., m.r.c.s., m.b.o.u., f.r.g.s... 490

Reviews: Indian Bird Life. By Douglas Dewar.... 500

Manual of the Birds of Ceylon. By W. E.

Wait 500

A Handbook of the Birds of Eastern

China. By J. D. D. La Touche. Part II 501

The Aquarium Book. By E. G. Boulenger.... 502 Account of a Photographic Expedition to the Southern Glaciers of Kanchenjunga IN the SiKKiM Himalayas. By N. A.

Tombazi 503

Life of Plants. By Sir Frederick Keeble...... 504

A Correction. , 505

Editorial 506

Obituary :— Mr. S. Basil-Edwardes 508

H. H. The Maharaja of Dhar 508

Miscellaneous Notes :

I. Measurements of Game Animals. By Major C. H.

Stockley, o.c.e., m.c, d.s.o 509

II. Comparative Shape and Measurement of the Fore Feet in Tuskers and Tuskless Elephants. By J. L. Cameron..... 512

III. A Wonderful Sight. By R. C. Morris 513

IV. Tigers and Elephants. By R. K. Anderson, 514

V. The ' Sambhur ' call ot Tigers. By R. C. Beadon. 515

VI. Wild Dogs in Mysore. By Capt. G. E. Windle 5] 6

VII. Solitaries. By R. C. Morris.... 517

VIII. A Solitary Cow Gaur [ivith a photo). By Salim

A. Ali 518

IX. A Cross between an Ibex and a Tame Goat {with a

photo). By Col. A. E. Ward 519

X. The Nilgiri Tahr {Hemitragus hylocrius) {with a

plate). By A. P. Kinloch, f.z.s., m.b.o.u 520

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXI vii

Page

XI. The ' Clicking ' of the Muntjac {M. vaginalis). By

Max Frei 521

XII. Measurements and Weight of a Malay Tapir. By

S. H. Prater, c.m.z.s 522

XIII. The Occurrence of the Pink-footed Goose {Anser

brachyrhynchns) and the Mallard {Ajias boscas) in Jaipur, Rajputana. By Major W. M. Logan Home. 522

XIV. On the occurrence of Pallas' Sand Grouse {Syj^r-

haptes paradoxuriis) within Indian limits. ( With a

plate.) By S. H. Prater, c.m.z.s. 522

XV. The Occurrence of the Giant Heron [Aj^dea goliath) in the Khulna District, Bengal. By S. H. Prater,

C.M.Z.S 523

XVI. The Rock-Horned Owl in Kashmir. ( With a photo.)

By B. B. Osmaston, c.i.e., i.f.s. (Retd.).... , ... 523 XVII. Mating Habits of the Common Kite. {Milvus

migrans govinda.) By Salim A. Ali 524

XVIII. Brahminy Kite {Haliastur indus indiis.) Swimming.

By S. H. Prater, C.m.z.s. 526

XIX. An Albino Bustard (Eupodotis edwardsi.) By Maha- raja Kumar Shree Vijayarajji 526

XX. The Transport of Birds' Eggs. {With a text-fignre.)

By General R. M. Betham, m.b.o.u 527

XXI. Earth Snake (Silybiira sp. ) and Chicken. By A. P.

Kinloch, f.z.s., m.b.o.u. ... 528

XXII. An Interesting Encounter with a Cobra. By W. H.

Theobald 528

XXIII. The Occurrence of the Butterfly Appias i?idra var.

aristoxemis in the Nilghiris. By J. Florence 529

XXIV. On Psara phcBopteialis as a Pest on Grasses in South

India. {With a plate.) By M. C. Cherian,

B.sc. and C. J. George, m.a 529

Proceedings 531

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

VOLUME XXXI

Nos. 1 and 2.

Page

AiYAR, T. V. Ramakrishna ; Recent Additions to the Indo- Ceylonese Coccid Fauna, with notes on known and new forms 450

Ali, Salim a. ; A Solitary Cow Gaur (with a photo) 518

; Mating Habits

of the Common Kite {Milvus migrans govinda) 524

Anderson, R. K. ; Tigers and Elephants 514

Baker, E. C. Stuart, J. P., F. Z. S., F. L.S., M. B. O.U., C. F, A. O. U. The Game Birds of the Indian Empire, Part I [zvith a coloured plate) of {Rallus aquaticuR indicus) .... 233

Basil-Edwardes, The Late S., M.B.O.U.; Notes on Birds Un- common in, or Unrecorded from the Simla Hills 224

S., M.B.O.U. ;

On the Occurrence of the Giant Water- Bug. {Belostoma indi- cum) in Simla 229

S., M. B. O. U.,

R. A. O. U. ; A Contribution to the Ornithology of Delhi, Part I {ivith two plates) ... 261

Bates, Capt. R. S. P. ; Birds and Nesting with a Camera in India, Part VI. [zvith fourteen plates) 277

Beadon, W. R. Coleridge ; The ' Sambhur Call of Tigers ' 515

Page

Bell, T. R., C. I. E., I. F. S.

(Retd.) ; The Common Butter- flies of the Plains of India (in- cluding those met with in the Hill Stations of the Bombay Presidency). Part XXX VI ...323

Betham, R. M., M. B. O. U. ; The Transport of Birds' Eggs. {with a text-figure) , 527

Blatter, E., S. J., Ph. D., F. L. S. ; Facts and Hypotheses in the Problem of Evolution ... 12

Bombay Natural History Society's Mammal Survey of India. Report No. XL, Gwalior State. By Helen M. Lindsay. 379

Boultbee, Lt.-CoM., G.E., R.N.; Fishing in the Persian Gulf ... 228

Brander, a. a. Dunbar ; On the Colour of the eye of the Gaur or Indian Bison. {Bibos gaurus) 220

Solitaries ... 517

Bucknell, John A., F. Z. S., M. B. O. U. ; Occurrence of the Sheldrake ( Tadorna t adorn a) in Bihar 224

Burton, Brigadier-General, R. G. ; About Tigers and Leo- pards 216

Burton, Lt.-CoL, R. W. I. A. (Retd.) ; Jungle Tragedies ... 220

L A. (Retd.)

Three Months up the Valley of the Sutlej River. Part I {zvith four plates). Part II {with two plates) 23 352

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

Page

Burton, Lt. -CI., R.W. Malformed heads of Markhor and Ibex ... 222

Wild ani- mals in Central India 215

Cameron, I. L. , Comparative shape and measurement of the Fore-feet in Tuskers and Tusk- less Elephants 512

Cheesman, Major R. E., M. B. O. U., F. R. G. S. {See Ticehurst, C. B.).

Cherian, M. C, B. A.,B.Sc., p. I. C. and George, C. J., M. A. ; OnPsara phceopteralis as a Pest on Grasses in South India {with a plate) 529

Correction 505

Cox, Sir Percy, G. C. M. G., G. C. I. E., K. C. S. I., M. B. O U. ; {See Ticehurst, C.B.).

Salim, a. Ali ; Mating Habits of the Common Kite {Milviis 7ni grans govinda) 524

Editorial 207, 506

Evans, Col. W. H., D. S. O., F. Z. S. F. E. S. ; The Identifi- cation of Indian Butterflies. Part IX {with a plate), Part X {zvith a plate) 49, 427

Evans, Col. W. H. ; The occur- rence of the Butterfly Appias indra var. aristoxenus in the Nilgiris, commenting on the above 529

Florence, J. ; The Occurrence of the Butterfly Appias indra var. aristoxenus in the Nil- giris. 529

Fraser, Major, F. C, I. M. S., F. E. S. Indian Dragonfiies, Part XXIII {with a plate and three text-figures) 158

Indian Dragon- flies, Part XXIV {ivith two plates and five text-figures) ... ... 408

Frei, Max. ; The ' Clicking ' of the Muntjac {M. vaginalis) ... 521

Gates, G. E. ; Notes on the Seasonal Occurrence of Ran- goon EarthM^orms 180

2

Page

Hingston, Major R. W. G., I. M. S. ; An Oriental Sphex or Hunting Wasp, Part II ... 147

^ The

Mason Wasp {Etcnienes conica) , Part I {zvith a plate and two text-figures) ..241

Home, Major W. M. Logan. ; The Occurrence of the Pink- footed Goose and the Mallard in Jaipur, Rajputana 522

HopwooD, S. F. ; Tigers and Elephants 514

Hora, Sunder Lal, D. Sc. ; On Some Interesting Features of the Fauna of the Western Ghats 447

KiNLOCH, A, P., F. Z. S., M.B.O.U, ; The Nilgiri Tahr {Hemitragus hylocrius) {zvith a plate) 520

; Earth

vSnake {Silybura sp.) and Chicken 528

Law, Satya Churn ; The Nest- ing of the Open-billed Stork {Anastomns oscitans) in Puru- lia, Manbhum District ... 223

Leigh, C, S. J. ; Weights and Measurements of the Nilgiri Langnr {Pithecus johnii) ... 223

; Notes on Snakes ... 227

Lindsay, Mrs. Helen M. ; Bom- bav Natural History Society's Mammal Survey of India, Burma and Ceylon. Report No. 38, Sin d 40

M. A., B.Sc. ;

vScientific Results from the

Mammal Survey No. XLVI ... ; See Bombay

239

Natural History Society's Mam- mal Survey of' India.

MiLROY, A. J. W. ; Comparative Shape and Measurement of the Fore-feet in Tuskers and Tusk- less Elephants

Morris, Ralph C. ; Record of a Death from the Bite of a Hama- dryad or King Cobra {Naia hanna) {a correction)

512

226

X

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

Page

Morris, Ralph C. ; A Wonder- ful Sight 513

; vSolitaries ... 517

Obituary :— S. Basil-Edwardes. 50S

_ ; H.H. SirUdaji Rao

Maharaja of Dhar ... ... 508

OsMASTON, B.B., CLE., I.F.S., (Retd.) ; Birds Nesting in the Dras and vSuru Valleys 186

^ ____ ; Birds

Nesting with a Camera {a correction) 224

; The Rock

Horned Owl in Kashmir {zvith

a photo) 523

Proceedings 230, 531

Prater, S. H., C, M. Z. S. ; Measurements and Weights of a Malay Tapir 522

; On the Occur- rence of Pallas' vSandgronse [Syrrhaptes paradoxurus) with- in Indian limits {ivith a plate). 522

; The Occurrence

of the Giant Heron {Ardea goliath) in the Khulna District, Bengal 523

; Brahminy Kite

[Haliastur indus indus) Swim- ming 526

Prout, Louis B., F.E.S. ; On a (collection of Moths of the Family GEOMETRID^ ixom Upper Burma made by Captain A. E. Swann {with a plate) ... 129

; Part II {with a plate) 307

Reports :— On the work of the Bombay Natural History Society and of the Progress of the Natural History Section, Prince of Wales' Museum ... 197

Reviews :— ' The Vegetation of Burma from an Ecological

Stand-point' ... 210

' Indian Nature ^Studies for

Children ' 211

' A Handbook of the Birds of

Eastern China ' 211

' The Families of Flowering Plants ' 212

Page

Reviews ;— Indian Bird Life 501 ' A Handbook of the Birds of Eastern China ' ... ... 501

' The Aquarium Book ' ... 502 ' Account of a Photographic Expedition to the Southern Glaciers of Kanchenjunga in the Sikkim Himalayas ' ... 503 ' Life of Plants ' 504

Rice, Capt. H. G., I. M. S. : Cannibalism amongst Panthers 219

Stockley, Major C. H., D.S.O,, O.B.E., M.C.; Hunting Straight- horned Markhor {with three plates). 112

; Mea- surements of Game Animals ... 509

Theobald, William H. ; An Interesting Encounter with a Cobra 528

Thomas, Oldfield, F.R.S. , Scientific Results of the Mam- mal Survey, No. XLV 22

TiCEHURST, C.B., M.A., M B. O.U., F.R.G.S. (Late Capt. R.A.M.C.) Cox, Sir Percy, G.C.M.G., G.C.I. E., K.C.S.I., M.B.O.U., AND Cheesman, Major R.E., M.B.O.U , F.R G.S. Additional Notes on the Avifauna of Iraq {with 3 pi ales). 91

TiCEHURST, C.B., M.A., M.B. O.U., F.R.G.S. (Late Capt. R.A.M.C.) {with one plate) ... 368

; Some Notes on the

Second Edition of the Fauna of British India-Birds, Vol. I and II 490

Trevenen, Major W.B. ; Mah- seer Fishing in the Deccan Lakes {?mth two plates) ... 120

Tytler, Major-General, H.C., C.B., C M.G., CLE., D.S.O., F.E.S. ; Notes on Some New and interesting Butterflies from India and Burma, Part I {with one coloured and one black and white plate) ... ... ... 248

ViJAYARAJji, Maharaja Kumar; An Albino Bustard {Eupodotis edwardsi) , ... 526

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

xi

Page

Wall, Col. F., C.M.G., K.H.S.;

The Reticulate Python {Python

reticulattLs) 84

Ward, Col. A. E. (Retd.) ; The Mammals and Birds of Kash- mir and the Adjacent Hill Provinces. Part VI {zvith a plate) 1

_ ^ A

Cross between an Ibex and a Tame Goat {with a photo) ... 519

Page

West, E. Maxwell ; T a k i n Shooting in the Spring [with a plate) 274

Whistler, Hugh. ; A Note on the Birds of Kulu 458

WiNDLE, Capt, G.E. ; Wild Dogs in Mysore 516

Wood, Casey A, ; Lady [Eliza- beth] Gwillim, Artist and Orni- thologist 486

ZuTSHi, B.N.; A Bull- Frog {Rami i'z^rz/za) swallowing a Rat 228

LIST OF PLATES

VOLUME XXXI No. 1

Page

The Mammals and Birds of Kashmir and the adjacent Hill Provinces- Plate (A) Pallas's Cat {Felis mamcl) from the Nutra Valley 1 (B) Leopard 7' 8" from Plains of India... ... ... 1

Three Months up the Valley of the Sutlej River- Plate I (A) Imposing Edifice at Fort Samarkot ... ... 24

(B) A Temple at Soondri ... ... ... 24

Plate II— (A) Two Tibetan Damsels ... ... ... 25

(B) Two of my Baggage-carrying Damsels and a Lad of

Taranda .., ... ... .... 25

Plate III— (A) Panorama from Chini Forest ... ... ... 34

(B) View from Chini Forest Bungalow ... ... 34

Plate IV— (A) View from Snow Storm Camp ... ... 35

(B) The Thaman River at Rupa ... ... ... 35

Indian Butterflies- Plate /^wz^/^zV/^z', //^5;>^rz7(3f<^, C^/a??/(7rAz>/(2' ... ... ... 49

Avifauna of Iraq

Plate I— (A) Striated Scops Owl (6>^?^5 6r?^c^z). Baghdad ... 97

(B) Nest and Three Eggs of Bifasciated Lark {Alcenion

alaudipes chierea) on Acacia. Aqquar Quf ... 97 Plate II- (A) Pelican's Eggs at Khor Milab ... ... 114

(B) Nest and Eggs of Slender-billed Gull {Laiirus genei) 114

(C) Flamingos Nests on the Khor Milab, Bubyan

Islands ... ... ... ... 114

Plate III— (A) Lesser Crested Terns {Slernadengalensis dengalensis) 115 (B) Colony and Eggs of Lesser Crested Tern {Sterna

bengalensis bengalensis) ... ... ... 115

Mahseer Fishing in the Deccan Lakes- Plate I~(A) English Pattern Spoon, mounted with Single Hook

and Triangle ... ... ... ... 123

(B) Hog-backed Spoon, mounted with Single Hook and

Triangle ... ... ... ... 123

Plate 11— (A) 3" Copper Flange Spinner, painted with Aluminium

Paint ... ... ... ... ... 124

(B) 2i" Aluminium Reflex Minnow ... ... 124

Moths of the Family GeometridcF from Upper ^wrmo.—

V\sXe\—Geometrida' ... ... ... ... 129,309

Indian Dragonfiies—

Plate Dorso-lateral views of Davidiiis, spp, ... ... ... 166

Hunting straight-horned Markhor—

Plate I— (A) The Chickalli ' Taugi ' ... ... ... 172

(B) Camp with Markhor Ground behind it ... ... 172

Plate II (A) Markhor Ground ... ... ... 173

(Bj The Dragon's Nostrils ... ... ... 173

LIST OF PLATES

xiii

Page

Plate III— The Crest of the Main Ridge with Awal Shah and Jalpara. 177 Report on the Work of the Bombay Natural History Society and of the Progress of the Natural History Section, Prince of Wales' Museum- Plate I Lammergeyer or Bearded Vulture {Gypaetus barbaius).. 198 Plate II— Peacock Pheasant [Polypleciron bicalcaratuui) .. 199

Plate III— (A) Indian Bison, Mounted in Society's Laboratory,

being let down from the first floor windows, and ... 202 (B) en route \.o Vs\Q lAvi^QMvoL ... ... ... 202

Plate IV— Desert Country at Golamala, Karachi District, Sind, a Portion of the Group exhibited in the Prince of Wales' Museum ... ... ... ... ... 203

Plate V— Nesting group of Night Herons {Nycticorax nycticorax) .

Exhibited in the Bird Gallery, Prince of Wales' Museum ... ... ... ... ... 204

Plate VI The Estuary Snake {Hiirria rynchops) Photograph of a

Cast exhibited in the Reptile Gallery ... ... 205

Plate VII— Photo of an Enlarged Model (X 40) of the Bed-Bug {Cimex rotundatus) . One of a Series of Insect Models prepared in the Society's Laboratory to illustrate the case on ' Insects in Relation to Disease ' ... ... 206

Plate (A) Cormorants and Cattle Egrets. Roosting-site in the

Islands of Saheb Bandh, Purulia ... ... 223

(B) Nesting-site of Open-billed Stork {Anastoiims oscUans)

in the Island of Saheb Bandh, Purulia ... ... 223

No. 2

The Gamci Birds of the Indian Empire

Plate— The Indian Water Rail {Rallus aquaticus indicus) ... 233

The Mason Wasp. {Emnenes conica)

I— Completed Nest with Apertures of exit made by Young Wasps.. 244 II— Cells ... ... ... ... ... ... 244

III— Engaged at Building her Wall ... ... ... 244

IV— Introducing her Eggs ... ... ... ... 244

New and Interesting Butterflies fiom India and Burma, Plates 1 and 4. 253, 257 The Ornithology of Delhi—

Plate— (A) Babool Trees along, the Muttra Road; Haunts of Argya malcohni, Pkceuicurus o. phcenicuroides ; Pericro- cotusip. peregrinus ; Lanius vittatus, etc, ... ... 262

(B) Babool Jungle at Raisina, Delhi ; Haunts of a Variety

of Small Birds ... ... ... ... 262

Plate— (A) The Canal at Okla, Delhi ; Haunts of Ceryle e. leuco- melanura, Ardeola grayii, etc. ; Clump of Trees in Background Haunts of CuncimLa leocorypha ... 263

(B) A Portion of the Ridge at Raisina, Delhi ; Haunts of Argya c. caudata, Franklinia buchanani , Lanius e. lahtora, Urolonclia vialabarica, Cyjdostomus a. asiaticus. 263 Takin Shooting in the Spring—

(A) Typical Takin Country ... ... ... 274

(B) The End of a Perfect Morning ... ... ... 274

xiv

LIST OF PLATES

Page

Birds Nesting with a Camera in India

Plate I— {A) The Bxow a Kock-Qha,t {Cerco7nela fusca) ... 278

(B) The Large Grey Babbler {Argya malcolmi) ... 278

(C) The Ceylon Red-vented Bulbul {Molpasies hcsmorr-

hous hcrmorrhous) ... ... ... 278

(D) The Southern Indian Stone-Chat {Saxicola caprata

atrata) ... ... ... ... 278

Plate II— (A) The White-spotted Fantail Fly-catcher {Rhipidura

pectoralis) ... ... ... ... 279

(B) Tiie Southern Red-whiskered Bulbul {Otocompsa-

emeria iuscicaudatd) ... ... ... 279

(C) The Nilgiri Laughing Thrush [Trochalopteriim

cachinans cachinans) ... ... ... 279

Plate III— (A) The White-eared Bulbul {Molpastes leucogenys

leucotis) ... ... ... ... 280

(B) The Central Indian Red-vented Bulbul {Molpastes

hcsinorrhoics pallidus) ... ... ... 280

Plate IV— (A) The Southern Indian Black Bulbul {Microscelis

psaroides ganeesa) ... ... ... 281

(B) The Southern Red-whiskered Bulbul {Otocompsa

enter ia fuscicaudata) ... ... ... 281

Plate V— (A) The Dusky Horned Owl {Bubo coromandus) ... 282 (B) The Smaller White Scavenger Vulture {Neophron

percnopterus ginginianus)... ... .. 282

Plate VI (A) The Indian Purple Sunbird {Leptocoma asiatica

asiatica) ... ... ... ... 283

(B) The Malabar Small Minivet {Pericrocotus peregrinus

malabaricus) ... ... ... ... 283

Plate VII— The Southern Jungle Crow {Corvus coronoides

culminatus) ... ... ... ... 284

Plate VIII— The Nilgiri Blackbird {Turdus nieruta simillimus) 285 Plate IX— (A) The Black-throated Weaver-Bird {Ploceus benga-

lensis) ... ... ... ... 286

(B) The Indian White-backed Vulture {Pseudogyps

bengalensis) ... ... ... ... 286

Plate X— (A) The White-spotted Fantail Fly-catcher (/v'/^^>^■«f/m/

pectoralis) ... ... ... ... 287

(B) The Spotted Babbler {Pellorneum imficeps ruficeps) 287 Plate XI— (A) The Ashy Wren-warbler {Prinia socialis so-

cialis) ... ... ... ... 290

(B) The Ceylon Wren- warbler {Prinia inornatajerdoni) 290 Plate XII— (A) and (B) The Ashy Wren-warbler {Prinia socialis

socialis) ... ... ... ... 291

Plate XIII— (A) The Ceylon Hoopoe (6^;!'/^ /"iz ^^c;^^ ceylonensis) ... 306 (B) The'^oViVciexxxQxey T\'i{Parus viajormahrattarnni) 306 Plate XIV— The Black and Orange Flv-catcher [Ochrojnela

nigronifa) ... ... ... ... 307

Three Months up the Valley of the Sutlej River- Plate (A) A Fine Burhel, 26^' ... ... ... ... 360

(B) In the Tadong Gud— ' River Ravine and Splintered Preci- pice ... ... ... ... ... 360

LIST OF PLATES

XV

Page

Plate (C) The Timorous Gargaram crossing the Sutlej ... 361

(D) Three Handsome Men of Charong ... ... ... 361

Plate The Down-plnmages of Some Indian Birds ... ... 369

Indian Dragonfiies—

Plate I Lateral views of Buriiiaglioinphns, spp. ... ... 410

Plate II Lateral views of 1. Davidioides niartini, ; 2. Anisogomphus occipitalis, J* ; 3. Anisogomphus caudalis, ^ ; 4. Temnogom- phus bivittatus , ; 5. Platygomphus dolabratus, \ 6. Platy- gomphiis fees, (f ; 7. Anisogomphus orites,^ ... ... 422

The Identification of Indian Butterflies

Plate XXKl.—Hesperiidrs -. Celainorrhincc, Hesperiincc Pamphilincr 430 The Nilghiri Tahr [Hemitragus hylocrius)

Plate (A) A Good Head in the vSocietj^'s Collection, R. 16^"

L=16i" ... ... ... ... 520

(B) Young Female Nilgiri Tahr ... ... 520

(C) Pallas' Three-toed Sandgrouse {Syrrhaptes paradoxni 'US) . 522 F\ate—Psu7^a pha^opiera/is as a Pest on Grasses in South India ... 529

INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS

VOLUME XXX8 Nos. I and 2

Page

Alcsmon alaiidipes cinerea, PI.

fig. B 97

Amblypodia maymyoica, PI. fig. 19 257 suffusa atarana, PI.

fig. 13 257

Anastovms oscitans, PI. fig. B ... 223 Angus Bull, Transverse section

of the eye, fig 221

Anisocromphus caudal is, fig. 12.

Genitalia 418

PI. ii, fig. 3. Lateral view of male 422

Fig, 5 b and appendage of male seen from above ... ... 424

'- occipitalis, fig. 5.

Genitalia ; 418

Fig. 4. Wings of male 420

PI. ii, fig. 2. Lateral view of male ... 422

Fig. 5 c, d. Anal appendage of male seen from side or above 424 orites, PI. ii. fig. 7.

Lateral view of female , 422

Aqiiila vindhiana, prephimulce ,

PI. fig. B 369

Argya malcolmi, PI. 1, fig. 2 ... 278

Bibos gaurus, PI 202

Boarmia virguncula, PI. ii, fig. 4 309 Bubo coromandus, PI. v, fig. 1 ... 282 Bubulcus coromandus, PI. fig. A. 223 Bug, Bed. Photo of an enlarged

model (to illustrate the case on

Insects in Relation to Disease,

PI 206

Burmagoviphus cauvericus, PI. i,

fig. 6. Lateral view of ... 410

Fig 3. Genitalia 418

hasimaricus , fig. 2.

Genitalia 418

Page

Burmagomphtis laidlawi, PI. i, fig. 5.

Lateral view ot 410

Fig. 7. Genitalia 418

pyramidal is, fig.

Wings 409

PI. i, fig. 4. Lateral view ... 410 Fig 4. Genitalia 418

siamensis, PI. i, fig.

1. Lateral view of $ 410

sivalikensis, PI. i,

fig. 4. Lateral view of ... 410 Fig. 1. Genitalia... 419

vermiculatus , PI. i,

fig. 2. Lateral view of ... 410

ZK flavum, PI. i, fig.

7. Lateral view of $ 410

Burmese Moths :

GeometridcE PI 129

CelcEnor7%incF, spp. Pl.xxxi. Wings 430 Cercomela fusca, PI. i, fig. 1 ... 278 Cervus, f. megaceros, fig. ... 222

Cimex roUindalus , PI 206

Cleora coniozona, PI. ii, fig. 3 ... 309

cryptogonia, PL ii, fig. 1 ... 309

Corvus coronoides culmi?iatus, PI.

vii 284

Ctenognophos vtethoria, PI. ii,

fig. 12 309

Cyclogomphus ypsilon, fig. Wings 158 Davidioides martini , fig. 6. Geni- talia 418

PI. ii, fig. 1. Lateral view ... 422 Davidius aberrans. PI. fig. 1.

Dorso-lateral view 166

fig. Dorsal

view of anal appendages, ^ ... 168

davidi assamensis , PL

fig. 2, Dorso-lateral view ... 166

INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS

xvii

Page

Davidius assamensis, fig. Ven- tral processes seen from the side, ^ 168

fig. 3.

Genitalia, 1^*^

davidi, PI. fig. 6.

Dorso-lateral view 166

kiirnaonensis, PI. fig. 7.

Dorso-lateral view ... ... 166

malloryi, PI. fig. 5.

Dorso-lateral view ... ... 166

fig. Dorsal

view of anal appendages, J" ... 168

fig. Lateral

view of anal appendages, J" ... 168

fig. Genitalia, 168

zollorensis delineatus,

fig. 4, 164

PI. fig. 4 Dorso-lateral view ... 166

fig. Dorsal view of anal appen- dages, 168

fig. Lateral view of anal appen- dages, 168

fig. Genitalia, 168

zallorensis,

PI fig. 3. Dorso-lateral view ... 166 Delhi :— Babool Trees along the

Mnttra road, PI. fig. 1. 262 Babool Jungle at Raisina, PL

fig. 2 262

Canal at Okla, PI. fig. 1 ... 263 Portion of ridge at Raisina, PL

fig. 2 263

Down Plumages of some Indian

Birds, PI 369

Dragon Flies, Indian PL .. 166

Figs. 158, 164,

168

Ectropis cethre genes, PI. ii. fig. 18 309

chrysoteucta, PL ii. fig.

22 309

: embolochroma, PI. ii. fig.

8 ... 309

hiulca, PL ii, fig. 17 ... 309

lophomeris, PL ii, fig. 2L 309

pulvicopia, PL ii, fig. 6. 309

- zotica, PL ii, fig, 20, ... .309

3

Page

Elaphas, figs. Hindfoot, fore- foot 513

Enantiodes consanguinea, PL ii,

fig. 10 309

Erebia viani /^amriana, Phi, fig. 12. 257

—lorimeri , PL i, fig. 10. 257

shandura, PL i, fig. 9. 257

yasina, PL i, fig. 11 .. 257

: Eumenes conica, figs 241

PI. 1, Completed

nest, 2. Cells, 3. engaged at building wall, 4 introducing

eggs 244

Felis nianul, PL fig. A 1

pardtts,P\. 1

Gaur, photo of skull 518

Gypaetus barbatus, PI 198

Hemitragus hylocrius.Pl. ... 520 Herons, Night, Nesting groups of. Exhibited on the Bird Gallery, Prince of Wales'

Museum ... 204

Hesperiincs, spp. PL xxxi. Wings. 430 Heterolocha segregis, PL ii, fig. 2. 309 Tlirasa plagiochorda, PL ii, fig.

13 309

Hurria rynchops, PI 205

Ibex, Malformed head of, fig. ... 222

X tame goat, Photo ... 519

Indian Butterflies :

Plate. Wings of Isvienincs, Hesperiidce, CelcsnorrhincF ... 49 Indogouiphus longistigma, fig. 10.

Genitalia 418

a r t i n i , fig. 9.

Genitalia 418

Karachi District. vSind desert country at Golamala. One por- tion of group exhibited in the Prin ce of Wales' Museum , PL . . . 203 Krananda orthotvieta, PI. iii, fig. 1 309 Lams genei. Nest and eggs, PL

fig. B 114

Leptocoina asiatica asiatica, PL

vi, fig. 1 ... 283

Loxoiephria perileuca, PL ii, fig. 5 309 i Lyccsna asiorica, PI. fig. 3 ... 257

' baroghila, PI. fig. 1 ... 257

christophi lesliei, Pi fig.

2 257

—florencics, PI. fig. 4 ... 257

xviii

INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS

Pagpj

Lyccena galathea de preei, PI A, ^g. 5 257

^}ie tallica chitralensis ,

PI. i, fig. 6 257

gilgitica, PL i.

fig. 7 257

orbitulus astorica, PI. i,

fig. 3 257

Mahseer Fishing in the Deccan Lakes

Plate 1, fig. A. English pattern

Spoon 123

Fig. B, Hog-backed

spoon 123

Plate 2, fig, A. 3" copper

hange spinner 124

Fig. B. 2|" alumini- um reflex minnow ... 124 Markhor, Hunting Straight-horned— Plate 1, fig. A. Chick alii

' Tangi ' 172

Fig. B, Camp with markhor ground

behind it 172

Plate 2, fig. A. Markhor

ground 173

Fig. B. The Dragon's

nostrils 173

Plate 3, Crest of the m.ain

ridge 177

Markhor, Malformed head of, fig. 222 Medasina lasiochora, PI. ii, fig. ii 309 Micrabraxas anisonoma, PI. ii,

fig- 9 309

Micro scelis psar aides ganeesa, PI.

iv, fig. 1 .. 281

Molpastes hoemorrhoiis hccmorrho-

2^5, PI. 1, fig. 3 278

pallidus,

PI. iii, fig. 2 280

leucogenys leucotis, PL

iii. fig- 1 280

Neophron percnopterus ginginea-

nus, PL V, fig. 2 ... 282

Nycticorax nycticorax, PL ... 204 Ochroinela nigrorufa, PL xiv ... 307 Ocoelophora agana, PL ii, fig. 16... 309 Orsonoba csthocrypta, PL ii, fig.

14 ... ... 309

Orthomella putaoica, PL fig. 20... 257 Otocompsa emeria fuscicaudata, PI- ii, fig. 2 ... 279

Pack

Otocompsa emeria fuscicaudata

Pi. iv, fig. 2 281

Otus brucei, PL fig. A 97

Owl, Rock Horned, Photo of

3 young in nest 523

Pamphilincs^^^., PI. xxxi. Wings 430 Parnassius delphius florencicF,

PL iv, fig. 9 ... 253

rileyi PL iv,

fig. 6, 7 ... 253

£0gilaica, PI.

iv, fig. 8 ... 253

discobolus bafoghila,

PL iv, fig. 1 ... 253

hunzaica, PI.

iv, fig. 2 253

dongalaicaVl. iv, fig. 5. 253

jacquemontii shandura,

PL iv, figs. 3, 4 ... 253

simo lovimeri,P\. iv, fig 10 253

Parus major mahrattanmi, PL xiii,

fig. 2 ... 306 Pelecanus onocrotaius, eggs, PL fig.

A. ... 114 PellorneiwL ruficeps ruficeps, PL

X, fig. 2 ... 287 Pericrocotus pericrocotiis malaba-

ricns, PI vi, fig. 2 283 Phalacrocorax javanicus, PL fig.

A. ... 223 Phoenicopterus ruber antiquoriim,

Nests, PL fig. C. ... 114 Platygomphns dolabratus, fig. 2.

wings of male ... 416

Genitalia ... 418

fig. 5. Lateral viev/ of

male 422

feae, P. ii, fig. 6.

Lateral view of male ... 422 Ploceus bengaletisis, PL ix, fig.l ... 286 Polyommatus iotas gilgitica, PL i,

fig. 16 ... 257

sarta rupala, PL figs..

14, 15 ... 257 Polyplectron bicalcaratum, P\. ... 199 Prinia inornata jerdoni, PL xi,

fig. 2 ... 290

socialis socialis, PL xi, fig.l 290

and PI. xii, 291

INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS

xix

Page

Psara phoeopteralis ,V .U\iQ-h\s,\.or:y 529 Pseudogyps bengalensis. PI. ix,

fig. 2 ... 286 Pterocles senegalensis, dorsal view

of downy chick, Pi. fig. iii. ... 369 Pyrrhulauda grisea, down-plumage

and juvenile feather PI. fig. A 369 Rallus aquaticus indicus PI . ... 233 Rapala rubida, PI. fig. 18 ... 257 Rhipidura pectoralis, PI. ii, fig. 1 279

' PI. X, fig. 1 287

Saxicolacaprataatrata, PI. i, fig. 4 278 Semiothisa ageta, PI. ii, fig. 15 ... 309 Snake, Estuary photograph of a cast, exhibited in the Reptile

Gallery, PI 205

Sterna bengalensis bengalensis, PI.

figs. A, B 115

Streptopelia meena, down plum- age and featherbud, PL fig. D 369 Sutlej Valley- Pi. 1, fig. A. Edieice at fort

Samarkot ... 24 Fig. B. Temple at Soondri 24 PL 2, fig. A. Two Tibetan

damsels ... 25 Fig. B. Two baggage car- i rying damsels and a | lad of Taranda ... 25 | P]- 3, fig. A. Panarama from j Chini Forest ... 34 i Fig. B. View from Chini

Forest Bungalow 34 i

Page

PL 4. fig. A. View from snow

storm camp ... 35 Fig. B. Thaman River at

Rupa ... 35

Sutlej, Three uj^onths up the Valley of the A fine burhel 26i", PL i, fig. 1 360 In the TadongGud, PL i, fig. 2 360 The Timorous Gangaram cross- ing the Sutlej, PL ii, fig. 1 ... 361 Three handsome men of Cha-

rong, PL ii, fig. 2 361

Syrrhaptes paradoxurus , PL

and $ 522

Sysstema aulotis, PL ii, fig. 19 ... 309 Takin shooting : next line Typi- cal Takin country, PL fig. 1... 274 End of a perfect morning, PL

fig. 2 274

Temnogomphus bivittatits, fig. 8.

Genitalia 418

Plate ii, fig. 4 Lateral view of

male 422

Fig. 5 {a) Anal appendage of male seen from above ... 424 Trochalopteruvi cachinans cachi-

nans, PL ii, fig. 3 279

Turdus merula similli^nus, PL viii 285 Upupa epops ceylonensis, PL xiii,

fig. 1 306

Virachola dhoertyi, PL i, fig. 17... 257

ERRATA

Volume XXXS, No. J

Page 112, line 19 for Burhinius read Burhimis. 188

190 192 194

195

203

Page 235 250

251

264 269

270

371 434

479 484 491 494

522

51 48 43 10 22 24 35

leucoephala r$ad leiicocephala. Cyanosyloia read Cyanosylvia. albUrons read atrihv7is. latteral read later a.1. bonapai'tci read bonapartei. Bulfinch read Bullfinch. J. P. Mills readl^. P. M. O'Callaghan.

Legend Page 524 526

No. 2

line 37 ior mounted read moulted.

4 ,, Shandun read Shandur. 21 32 19

23 22

34

48

20

7 ,

7

47

3 ,

4

14 ,

15 ,

21 ,

28 ,

33 ,

35 , on plate- line 15 ,

44